Research

BIBLIOGRAPHY

CALIFORNIA INDIANS IN THE MISSION ERA

Allen, Rebecca. "Native Americans at Mission Santa Cruz, 1791-1834: Interpreting the Archaeological Record." In Perspectives in California Archaeology, Vol. V. Institute of Archaeology, Los Angeles: University of California, 1998.

Archibald, Robert R. "Indian Labor at the California Missions: Slavery or Salvation." Journal of San Diego History 24.2 (1978): 172-82.

Asisara, Lorenzo. “The Assasination of Padre Andres Quintana by the Indians of Mission Santa Cruz in 1812: The Narrative of Lorenzo Asisara.” Translated and introduced by Edward D. Castillo. California History 68 (1989): 116-125.

Bean, Lowell John and Sylvia Brakke Vane. Ethnology of the Alta California Indians II: Postcontact, Vol. 4, Spanish Borderlands Sourcebooks. ed. David Hurst Thomas. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1991.

Bauer, William . “First People: Toypurinia,” News From Native California, 19.3 (Spring 2006): 34-36.

Beebe, Rose Marie and Robert M. Senkewicz. "Francisco Palóu and the Construction of ‘California.'” In The Mission and the Community. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, ed. Dan Krieger. 10-13. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association. (2004): 10-13.

Broadbent, Sylvia. "Conflict at Monterey: Indian Horse Raiding, 1820-1850." Journal of California Anthropology 1.1 (1974): 86-101.

Brown, Alan K. The Aboriginal Population of the Santa Barbara Channel. Reports of the University of California Archaeological Survey, Number 69. University of California Archaeological Research Facility, Berkeley, 1967.

–––––– "Indians of San Mateo County." La Peninsula: Journal of the San Mateo County Historical Association 17 (1973)

–––––– “From the Pen of Pedro Font.” In Architecture, Physical Environment, and Society in Alta California. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz. 3-12. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association, 2005. 3-12.

Cook, Sherburne F. Expeditions to the Interior of California: Central Valley, 1820-1840. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.

–––––The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976.

–––––The Conflict Between the California Indians and White Civilization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976. 

Coombs, Gary and Fred Plog. "Chumash Baptism: An Ecological Perspective." In 'Antap: California Indian Political And Economic Organization. Eds Lowell J. Bean and Thomas King, 137-153. Ramona, CA: Ballena Press, 1974.

DeLay, Brian . "Independent Indians and the U.S.-Mexican War," The American Historical Review 112, No. 1 (February 2007): 35-68.

Duggan, Marie . “Franciscan Income and Expenditures at Missions San Jose and Santa Clara.” (The Power of Generosity and the Danger of Broken Promises: Interdependence among Spanish and Indians in Early California.) In The Mission and the Community. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, ed. Dan Krieger. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association, 2004. 29-49.

–––––“How the Budget of the Missions Contributed to the Relationships with Indian Communities. “ In Architecture, Physical Environment, and Society in Alta California. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association, 2005. 65-76. 

––––––"Laws of the Market vs. Laws of God: Scholastic Doctrine and the Early California Economy." History of Political Economy Volume 37, Number 2 (Summer 2005): pp. 343-370. [A pdf of this paper is available from Duke University Press, http://hope.dukejournals.org]

––––– “Building an Alliance: Fr. Lasuén and the Kumeyaay in the 1770s and 1780s.” In San Diego, Alta California, and the Borderlands: Proceedings of the 23d Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association, 2006. 174-178

Ettinger, Catherine R. “Hybrid Spaces: Indigenous Contributions to Mission Architecture.” In Architecture, Physical Environment, and Society in Alta California. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association, 2005. 77-89.

Foss, Kristina Wilkinson. “Cieneguitas: Stolen Heritage of the Chumash Indians.” In Archaeological, Cultural and Historical Perspectives on Alta California. Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, ed. Rose Marie Beebe. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association, 2003. 36-44.

Garr, Daniel J. "Planning, Politics, and Plunder: The Missions and Indian Pueblos of Hispanic California." Southern California Quarterly 54.4 (1972): 291-312

Geiger, Maynard and Clement W. Meighan. As the Padres Saw Them: California Indian Life and Customs as Reported by the Franciscan Missionaries, 1813-1815. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library, 1976 

Goerke, Betty. Chief Marin: Leader, Rebel, and Legend. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2007

González, Michael J. "'The Child of the Wilderness Weeps for the Father of Our Country' The Indian and the Politics of Church and State in Provincial California." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush, edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. 147-172.

Gray, Thorne B. The Stanislaus Indian Wars. The Last of the California Northern Yokuts. Modesto: The McHenry Museum Press, 1993.

Guest, Francis F., O.F.M. "An Examination of the Thesis of S.F. Cook on the Forced Conversion of the Indians in the California Missions." Southern California Quarterly 61.1 (1979): 1-77.

––––– "The Indian Policy under Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, California's Second Father President." California Historical Society Quarterly 45.3 (1966): 195-224.

Haas, Lisbeth. Conquests and Historical Identities in California, 1769-1936. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

––––– "Emancipation and the Meaning of Freedom in Mexican California." Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 20.1 (2003): 11-22.

Hackel, Steven W. Children of Coyote, Missionaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006. 

––––––"Land, Labor, and Production: The Colonial Economy of Spanish and Mexican California." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush, edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998. 111-46. 

Holterman, Jack. "The Revolt of Estanislao." Indian Historian 3.1 (1970): 43-54.

Honig, Sasha. "Yokuts, Spaniards and Californios in the Southern San Joaquin Valley." Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 20.1 (2003): 50-62

Hurtado, Albert L. "California Indian Demography, Sherburne F. Cook, and the Revision of American History," Pacific Historical Review 58 (1989): 343.

––––– Indian Survival on the California Frontier. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988

––––––"Sexuality in California's Franciscan Missions: Cultural Perceptions and Sad Realities," California History 71 (1991): 370-385.

Hutchinson, C. Alan. "The Mexican Government and the Mission Indians of Upper California, 1821-1835." The Americas 21.4 (1964-65): 335-62

Ivey, James E. "Secularization in California and Texas." Boletìn, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 20.1 (2003): 23-36

Jackson, Robert H. and Edward Castillo. Franciscans and Spanish Colonization: the Impact of the Mission System on California Indians. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995. 

Jackson, Robert H. "Gentile Recruitment and Population Movements in the San Francisco Bay Area Missions."Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 6.2 (1984): 225-39.

Johnson, John R. An Ethnohistoric Study of the Island Chumash. Unpublished M.A. thesis in Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, 1982.

–––––– Chumash Social Organization: An Ethnohistoric Perspective. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1988.

–––––"The Chumash and the Missions." In Archaeological and Historical Perspectives on the Spanish Borderlands West , vol. 1 of Columbian Consequences, edited by David Hurst Thomas. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989. 365-75.

––––– The Chumash Indians After Secularization. Bakerfield: California Mission Studies Association. 1995.

––––– "The Indians of Mission San Fernando." Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly 79.3 (1997): 249-290.

–––––Cultural Affiliation and Lineal Descent of Chumash People, v. 1. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, 1999. 133-146

–––––– “The Various Chinigchinich Manuscripts of Father Gerónimo Boscana.” In San Diego,Alta California, and the Borderlands: Proceedings of the 23d Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association. 2006. 1-19.

Larson, Daniel O., John R. Johnson, and Joel C. Michaelsen. "Missionization among the Coastal Chumash of Central California: A Study of Risk Minimization Strategies." American Anthropologist 96.2 (1994): 263-99.

Lightfoot, Kent G. Indians, Missionaries, and Merchants: The Legacy of Colonial Encounters on the California Frontiers. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

Macias, John. “From Colonists to Californios: The Social World of Mission San Gabriel, 1771-1834.” In San Diego, Alta California, and the Borderlands: Proceedings of the 23d Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association. 2006. 52-63. 

Mason, William M.
"Indian-Mexican Cultural Exchange in the Los Angeles Area, 1781-1834." Aztlan 15.1 (1984): 123-44.

Magnaghi, Emily B. and Russell M. Magnaghi. "The Agriculltural Development of Mission San Fernando, Rey de España." In Architecture, Physical Environment, and Society in Alta California. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association. 2005. 135-152. 

McLendon, Sally, and John R. Johnson. Cultural Affiliation and Lineal Descent of Chumash Peoples in the Channel Islands and the Santa Monica Mountains, 2 volumes. Santa Barbara and New York: Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, and Hunter College, City University of New York. Report submitted to the Archeology and Ethnography Program, National Park Service, Washington, DC, 1999.

Meighan, Clement W. "Indians and the California Missions." Southern California Quarterly 69.3 (Fall 1987): 183-201.

Milliken, Randall. A Time of Little Choice: The Disintegration of Tribal Culture in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1769-1810. Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1995.

––––––Ethnohistory of the Rumsen. Papers in Northern California Anthropology, Number 2. Berkeley: Northern California Anthropological Group. Reprint available through Coyote Press, 1987.

–––– "History of Indian Assimilation into Mission Santa Clara." In Telling the Santa Clara Story: Sesquicentennial Voices, Russell Skowronek, ed. pp. 45-63. Santa Clara: University of Santa Clara Press, 2002. 45-63.

–––––– "The Spanish Contact and Mission Period Indians of the Santa Cruz-Monterey Bay Region". In Gathering of Voices: The Native People of the Central California Coast. Santa Cruz County History Journal, Issue Number 5. Linda Yamane, ed. Santa Cruz: Museum of Art and History, 2002.

Mora-Torres, Gregorio, trans. and ed. Californio Voices : The Oral Memoirs of José María Amador and Lorenzo Asisara. Denton, Texas: University of North Texas Press, 2005.

Phillips, George Harwood. Chiefs and Challengers: Indian Resistance and Cooperation in Southern California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

––––– "Indians and the Breakdown of the Spanish Mission System in California. In New Spain's Far Northern Frontier: Essays on Spain in the American West, 1540-1821, ed. David J. Weber. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1979. 257-270. 

––––– Indians and Intruders in Central California, 1796-1849. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1983. 

–––––– Bringing Them Under Subjection: California's Tejon Indian Reservation and Beyond, 1852-1864. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

Rivera, Jose Ignacio. “Monjerios: Changing the Culture by Changing the Women.” In The Mission and the Community. Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, ed. Dan Krieger. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association. 2004. 56-60.

Schafer, Robert G. Coroni and Nu: Native Americans of San Juan Capistrano Mission in the Colonial Period, 1776-1848. Archive Press; San Juan Capistrano, 2004. 

Shoup, Lawrence and Randall Milliken. Inigo of Rancho Posolmi: The Life and Times of a Mission Indian. Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1999.

Sandos, James A. "Between Crucifix and Lance Indian-White Relations in California, 1769-1848." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush, edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. Berkeley: University of California Press 1998. 196-229.

–––––"Christianization among the Chumash: An Ethnohistoric Perspective." American Indian Quarterly 15.1 (1991): 65-89.

––––––– "Converting California Indians and Franciscans in the Missions, 1769-1836. Keynote Address, California Mission Studies Association Annual Meeting, 14 February 2003, Santa Cruz, California." Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 20.1 (2003): 5-10.

––––––Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.

––––––"Levantamiento! The 1824 Chumash Reconsidered." Southern California Quarterly 67.2 (1985): 109-33.

Santiago, Mark. Massacre at the Yuma Crossing: Spanish Relations With the Quechans, 1779-1782. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1998.

Shipek, Florence C. "California Indian Reaction to the Franciscans." The Americas 41.4 (1984-85): 480-93.

Silliman, Stephen W. Silliman, Steven W. Lost Laborers in Colonial California: Native Americans and the Archaeology of Rancho Petaluma. Tucson: the University of Arizona Press, 2004. 

––––––"Missions Aborted: California Indian Life on Nineteenth-Century Ranchos, 1834-1848." Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 3-22

Sizelove, Linda. "Indian Adaptation to the Spanish Missions." Pacific Historian 22.4 (1978): 393-402.

Tac, Pablo. Indian Life and Customs at Mission San Luis Rey. Mina and Gordon Hewes, trans and eds. San Luis Rey: Old Mission Press, 1958

Voss, Barbara L. "From Casta to Californio: Social Identity and the Archaeology of Culture Contact." American Anthropologist 107, no.3 (2005): 461-474.

Weber, David. "Blood of Martyrs, Blood of Indians: Toward a More Balanced View of Spanish Missions in Seventeenth Century North America." In Columbian Consequences, ed. David Hurst Thomas, Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1990. 429-448.

Williams, Jack S. "Indians in the Defense of Spanish and Mexican Alta California". In Architecture, Physical Environment, and Society in Alta California. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association. 2005. 153-193.

Yee, Mary J. Illustrations by Ernestine Ygnacio-De Soto, and contributions by Marianne Mithun, Ph. D. and John R. Johnson, Ph. D., The Sugar Bear Story: a Barbareño Chumash Tale. San Diego: Sunbelt Publications, published in co-operation with the Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. 2005.

Contributors to this bibliography were Sasha Honig and Randall Milliken
May 28, 2007

MISSIONS, PUEBLOS AND CULTURE IN THE CALIFORNIAS AND NORTHERN NEW SPAIN

MISSIONS
Allen, Rebecca."Native Americans at Mission Santa Cruz, 1791-1834: Interpreting the Archaeological Record." In Perspectives in California Archaeology, Vol. V. Institute of Archaeology, Los Angeles: University of California, 1998.

Archibald, Robert R."Indian Labor at the California Missions: Slavery or Salvation." Journal of San Diego History 24.2 172-82 1978.

Bancroft, Hubert H. California Pastoral, 1769-1848. San Francisco: History Co., 1888.

Beck, Warren A. and Ynez D. Haase. Historical Atlas of California. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1974.

Beebe, Rose Marie and Robert M. Senkewicz. Lands of Promise and Despair: Chronicles of Early California, 1535-1846) Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2001.

Beebe, Rose Marie and Robert M. Senkewicz. “Constructing California: Francisco Palóu’s Life of Junípero Serra.” In They Came to El Llano Estacado: An Anthology of Essays, Proceedings of The Franciscan Presence in the Borderlands of North America, International Symposium, ed. Félix D. Almaráz. Amarillo: Bishop De Falso Retreat and Conference Center (2006): 21-36. 

Bowman, J.N. "The Birthdays of the California Missions." The Americas 20.3 289-308 1963-64.

––––––"The Names of the California Missions." The Americas 21.4 363-74 1964-65.

Bretnor, Reginald. "... Bring Cats! A Feline History of the West." The American West. November-December 1978. Vol. XV, #6, 32-35, 60.

Broadbent, Sylvia. "Conflict at Monterey: Indian Horse Raiding, 1820-1850." Journal of California Anthropology 1.1 (1974): 86-101.

Brown,Alan K. “Three Letters from the Pen of Fray Pedro Font.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 23.1 (2006): 85-118

Carreño, Alberto María. "The Missionary Influence of the College of Zacatecas." The Americas 7.3 (1950-51): 297-320 

Castillo, Edward D. "The Assassination of Padre Andrés Quintana by the Indians of Mission Santa Cruz in 1812: The Narrative of Lorenzo Asisara." California History 68.3 (1989-90): 116-25.

––––– "Gender Status Decline, Resistance, and Accomodation among Female Neophytes in the Missions or Caloifornia: A San Gabriel Case Study." American Indian Culture and Research Journal 18.1 (1994): 67-93.

Cook, Sherburne F. The Conflict Between the California Indians and White Civilization. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976.

–––––– Expeditions to the Interior of California: Central Valley, 1820-1840. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961. 

Engelhardt, Zephyrin, Fr. The Missions and Missionaries of California. 4 vols. San Francisco: James H. Barry Co., 1908-15.

Foley, C. Patrick. “Narratives of the Franciscan Legacy from Texas to California--Catholic Southwest: A Journal of History and Culture.” In They Came to El Llano Estacado: An Anthology of Essays, Proceedings of The Franciscan Presence in the Borderlands of North America, International Symposium, ed. Félix D. Almaráz. Amarillo: Bishop De Falso Retreat and Conference Center (2006). 63-71.

Garr, Daniel J. "Planning, Politics, and Plunder: The Missions and Indian Pueblos of Hispanic California." Southern California Quarterly 54.4 (1972): 291-312.

Geiger, Maynard, O.F.M. "The Internal Organization and Activities of San Fernando College, Mexico City (1734-1858)." The Americas 6.1 (1949-50): 3-31.

––––– "Biographical Data on the California Missionaries (1769-1848)." California Historical Quarterly 44.1 (1965): 291-310.

––––– Franciscan Missionaries in Hispanic California, 1769-1848: A Biographical Dictionary. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1969. 

Guest, Francis F., O.F.M. "The California Missions Were Far from Faultless." Southern California Quarterly 76.3 (1994): 255-304.

–––––"Cultural Perspectives on California Mission Life." Southern California Quarterly 65.1 (1983): 1-65.

–––––"An Examination of the Thesis of S.F. Cook on the Forced Conversion of the Indians in the California Missions." Southern California Quarterly 61.1 (1979): 1-77.

––––––"The Indian Policy under Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, California's Second Father President." California Historical Society Quarterly 45.3 (1966): 195-224.

–––––"An Inquiry into the Role of the Discipline in California Mission Life." Southern California Quarterly 71.1 (1989): 1-68.

Hackel, Steven W., José Refugio de la Torre Curiel, Janet Fireman, Steven M. Karr, and Robert M. Senkewicz, “Symposium: Children of Coyote, Missioaries of Saint Francis: Indian-Spanish Relations in Colonial California, 1769-1850.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22.2 (2005): 53-75.

Hageman, Fred C. and Russell C. Ewing. An Archaological and Restoration Study of Mission La Purisima Concepcion. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, 1980.

Hurtado, Albert L. "California Indian Demography, Sherburne F. Cook, and the Revision of American History," Pacific Historical Review 58 (1989): 343.

-–––– "Sexuality in California's Franciscan Missions: Cultural Perceptions and Sad Realities," California History 71 (1991): 370-385.

Jackson, Robert H."Gentile Recruitment and Population Movements in the San Francisco Bay Area Missions." Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 6.2 (1984): 225-39.

Jackson, Robert H. and Edward Castillo. Franciscans and Spanish Colonization: The Impact of the Mission System on California Indians. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995.

Johnson, John R. "The Chumash and the Missions." In Archaeological and Historical Perspectives on the Spanish Borderlands West , vol. 1 of Columbian Consequences, edited by David Hurst Thomas, 365-75. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1989.

Kelsey, Harry. San Juan Capistrano Mission Chapels and Cemetery. Northridge: Padre Press. 1993.

Krieger, Daniel. “San Miguel Arcángel. Pasado, Presente y Futuro.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 103-109

_____ “Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.2 (2004): 73-79.

Larson, Daniel O., John R. Johnson, and Joel C. Michaelsen. "Missionization among the Coastal Chumash of Central California: A Study of Risk Minimization Strategies." American Anthropologist 96.2 (1994): 263-99.

Lightfoot, Kent. Indians, Missionaries, and Merchants: The Legacy of Colonial Encounters on the California Frontiers. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2005.

Lightfoot, Kent G., Malcolm Margolin, Keith Douglass Warner, John R. Johnson, and Julia Costello. “Symposium: Indians, Missionaries, and Merchants: The Legacy of Colonial Encounters on the California Frontiers.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22.1 (2005): 62-86

Meighan, Clement W. "Indians and the California Missions." Southern California Quarterly 69.3 (Fall 1987): 183-201.

Sandos, James. "Levantamiento! The 1824 Chumash Reconsidered." Southern California Quarterly 67.2 (1985): 109-33.

––––– "Between Crucifix and Lance Indian-White Relations in California, 1769-1848." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush , edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. pp. 196-229. Berkeley: University of California Press 1998.

––––– "Christianization among the Chumash: An Ethnohistoric Perspective. American Indian Quarterly 15.1 (1991): 65-89.

Sandos, James A., Edward Castillo, Joseph P. Chinnici, O.F.M., Lisbeth Haas, and William John Summers. “Symposium: Converting California: Indians and Franciscans in the Missions.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.2 (2004): 49-72

Shipek, Florence C. "California Indian Reaction to the Franciscans." The Americas 41.4 (1984-85): 480-93.

Sizelove, Linda. "Indian Adaptation to the Spanish Missions." Pacific Historian 22.4 (1978): 393-402.

Weber, Msgr. Francis J. "The Pious Fund of the Californias." Hispanic American Historical Review 43.1 (1963): 78-94.

–––––– "Structure of Daily Life at the California Missions." Pacific Historian 15.1 (1971)

––––– The California Missions as Others Saw Them: 1786-1842. Los Angeles: Dawson's Book Shop, 1972

–––––"Toiletry at the California Missions." Southern California Quarterly 81:3 (1999): 295-304

––––– Myths, Mythologists and the California Missions. In They Came to El Llano Estacado: An Anthology of Essays, Proceedings of The Franciscan Presence in the Borderlands of North America, International Symposium, ed. Félix D. Almaráz. Amarillo: Bishop De Falso Retreat and Conference Center (2006): 5-19.


PUEBLOS AND PRESIDIOS
Crandell, John. "Rio Porciuncula: A New Perspective on the Former Environs of Los Angeles."Southern California Quarterly . 81:3 (1999): 305-314.

Duggan, Marie Christine. The Chumash and the Presidio of Santa Barbara: Evolution of a Relationship, 1782-1823. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, 2004.

Guerrero, Vladimir. The Anza Trail and the Settling of California. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2006.

Hutchinson, C. Alan. Frontier Settlement in Mexican California: The Híjar-Padrés Colony and its Origins, 1769-1835. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1969. 

Lambert, Diane and Naomi Reinhart, Ludivina Russell, and Gregory Von Herzen, Translators and editors. A Year in the Life of a Spanish Colonial Pueblo: San José de Guadalupe in 1809. The Research Manuscript Series on the Cultural and Natural History of Santa Clara, 1998.

Lothrop, Gloria R. "Life in Presidial California." Magazine of History. 14.4 (2000): 44-53.

Mason, William M. "Indian-Mexican Cultural Exchange in the Los Angeles Area, 1781-1834." Aztlan 15.1 (1984): 123-44.

––––––– The Census of 1790: A Demographic History of Colonial California. Menlo Park: Ballena Press, 1998.

Nunis, Jr., Doyce B., ed. Hispanic California Revisited: Essays by Francis F. Guest, O.F.M. Santa Barbara Mission Archive Library, 1996

Weber, David J. “Santa Bárbara’s Presidio in Imperial Perspective: Citadel and Theater Set.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 23:1 (2006): 4-21


RANCHOS
Silliman, Stephen W. "Missions Aborted: California Indian Life on Nineteenth-Century Ranchos, 1834-1848." Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 3-22

––––– Silliman, Stephen W. Silliman, Steven W. Lost Laborers in Colonial California: Native Americans and the Archaeology of Rancho Petaluma. Tucson: the University of Arizona Press, 2004.

Robinson, William W. Land In California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1948.

Silliman, Stephen W. "Missions Aborted: California Indian Life on Nineteenth-Century Ranchos, 1834-1848." Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 3-22

––––– Lost Laborers in Colonial California: Native Americans and the Archaeology of Rancho Petaluma. Tucson: the University of Arizona Press, 2004.

FOREIGNERS IN CALIFORNIA

Atherton, Faxon Dean. The California Diary of Faxon Dean Atherton 18836-1839. ed. Doyce B. Nunis, Jr. San Francisco and Los Angeles: California Historical Society, 1964.

Beechey, Frederick William. An Account of a Visit to California 1826-'27 Reprinted from A narrative of a voyage to the Pacific and Beering's Strait in His Majesty's ship Blossom under the command of Captain F. W. Beechey. San Francisco: the Book Club of California, 1941.

Bryant, Edwin. What I Saw in California. Minneapolis: Ross & Haines, Inc., 1967.

Chamisso, Aldelbert von. A Voyage Around the World with the Romanzov Exploring Expedition in the Years 1815-1818 in the Brig Rurik, Captain Otto Von Kotzebue. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1986.

Dakin, Susanna Bryant. The Lives of William Hartnell. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1949.

Dana, Richard Henry. Two Years Before the Mast. New York: P.F. Collier & Son, 1969.

Davis, William Heath. Sixty Years in California: A History of Events and Life in California. San Francisco: A.J. Leary, 1889.

Dillon, Richard. Fool’s Gold: The Decline and Fall of Captain John Sutter of California. New York: Coward-Mc Cann, 1967

Duhaut-Cilly, Auguste. A Voyage to California, the Sandwich Islands, & Around the World in the Years 1826-1829. transl. and ed. August Frugé and Neal Harlow. San Francisco: the Book Club of California, 1997.

Engstrand, Iris H.W. “The Transit of Venus in 1769: Launching Pad for European Exploration in the Pacific during the Late Eighteenth Century.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.2 (2004): 36-48

Farris, Glenn J., Maurice Hodgson and Andrew David, eds. with annotations by Glenn J. Farris. “The California Journal of Lt. Edward Belcher aboard the H.M.S. Blossom in 1826 and 1827.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 45-67.

Forbes, Alexander. California A History of Upper and Lower California. Introduction by Herbert Ingram Priestley. New York: Kraus Reprint Co., 1972.

Gurcke, Starr Pait, transl., and Glenn J. Farris, ed. The Diary and Copybook of William E.P. Hartnell. Santa Clara and Spokane: The California Mission Studies Association and the Arthur H. Clark Company. 2004.

Hurtado, Albert L. John Sutter: Life on the North American Frontier. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2006

Janssens, Victor Eugene August. The Life and Adventures in California of Don Agustin Janssens 1834-1856. eds William H. Ellison and Francis Price. San Marino: The Huntington Library, 1953.

Langsdorff, Georg von. Langsdorff’s Narrative of the Rezanov Voyage. San Francisco: Thomas C. Russell, 1927.

La Pérouse, Jean François de. Life in a California Mission: Monterey in 1786. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1989.

Lightfoot, Kent. The Archaeology and Ethnohistory of Fort Ross, California Volume One. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Lightfoot, Kent, Thomas Wake and Ann Schif. "Native Responses to the Russian Mercantile Colony of Fort Ross, Northern California." Journal of Field Archaeology, 20 (1993): 159-175.

Malaspina, Alejando. Malaspina in California. ed. Donald C. Cutter. San Francisco: John Howell, 1960.

Miller, Robert Ryal. Captain Richardson: Mariner, Ranchero, and Founder of San Francisco. Berkeley: La Loma Press, 1995.

Rezanov, Nikolai Petrovich. The Rezanov Voyage to Nueva California in 1806. San Francisco: Thomas C. Russell, 1926.

Richardson, William. "California and the Russian American Company" In Mexico Through Russian Eyes, 1806-1940. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1988.

Robinson, Alfred. Life in California, a Historical Account of the Origin, Customs, and Traditions of the Indians of Alta-California. Oakland: Biobooks, 1947.

Rolle, Andrew F. An American in California: The Biography of William Heath Davis. San Marino: Huntington Library, 1956.

---The Letters of Alfred Robinson to the De la Guerra family of Santa Barbara, 1834-1873. translation and annotation by Maynard Geiger,O.F.M. Los Angeles: The Zamorano Club, 1972.

Vancouver, George. Vancouver in California: 1792-1794. ed. Marguerite Eyer Wilbur. Los Angeles: Glen Dawson, 1953.

LAW, POLITICS, AND GOVERNMENT

Beilharz, Edwin A. Felipe de Neve, First Governor of California. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1971.

Castillo, Edward D. "An Indian Account of the Decline and Collapse of Mexico's Hegenomy over the Missionized Indians of California." American Indian Quarterly 13.4 (1989): 391-408.

Escobar, Agustín. “The Campaign of ‘46 against the Americans in California.” in Three Memoirs of Mexican California. Berkeley: The Friends of the Bancroft Library, 1988. 107-125.

Geary, Gerald J. The Secularization of the California Missions, 1810-1846. Catholic University of America Studies in American Church History, vol. 17. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1934.

González, Michael J. "'The Child of the Wilderness Weeps for the Father of Our Country' The Indian and the Politics of Church and State in Provincial California." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush , edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. pp. 147-72. Berkeley: University of California Press 1998

Hale, Charles A. Mexican Liberalism in the Age of Mora, 1821-1853. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1968.

Hansen, Woodrow James. The Search for Authority in California. Oakland: Biobooks, 1960.

Hutchinson, C. Alan. "The Mexican Government and the Mission Indians of Upper California, 1821-1835." The Americas 21.4 (1964-65): 335-62.

––––– Frontier Settlement in Mexican California: The Híjar-Padrés Colony and Its Origins, 1769-1835. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969.

Ivey, James E. “Secularization in California and Texas.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 20.1 (2003): 23-36.

Langum, David J. "Sin, Sex, and Separation in Mexican California: Her Domestic Relations Law." The Californians 5.3 1987): 44-50.

––––– Law and Community on the Mexican Frontier. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987

Miller, Robert Ryal. Juan Alvarado, Governor of California, 1836-1842. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. 1998.

Hansen, Woodrow James. The Search for Authority in California. Oakland, CA: Biobooks, 1960. 

Neri, Michael C. "Narciso Durán and the Secularization of the California Missions." The Americas 33.3 (1976-77): 411-29.

Servin, Manuel P. "The Secularization of the California Missions: A Reappraisal." Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly 47.2 (1965): 133-49.

SOCIETY, THE ECONOMY, AND CULTURE

Bandini, José. A Description of California in 1828. transl. Doris Marion Wright. Berkeley: Friends of the Bancroft Library, 1951.

Castañeda, Antonia I. "Hispanas and Hispanos in a Mestizo Society." Magazine of History 14.4 (2000): 29-33.

Duggan, Marie. "Laws of the Market vs. Laws of God: Scholastic Doctrine and the Early California Economy." History of Political Economy Volume 37, Number 2 (Summer 2005): pp. 343-370. [A pdf of this paper is available from Duke University Press, http://hope.dukejournals.org]

Emparan, Madie Brown. The Vallejos of California. San Francisco: Gleeson Library Associates, 1968.

Engstrand, Iris H. W. "How Cruel Were the Spaniards?" Magazine of History 14.4 (2000): 12-15.

Francis, Jessie Davies. An Economic and Social History of Mexican California, 1822-1846. New York: Arno Press, 1976.

Haas, Lisbeth. Conquests and Historical Identities in California, 1769-1936. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Hackel, Steven W. "Land, Labor, and Production: The Colonial Economy of Spanish and Mexican California." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush, edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. pp. 111-46. Berkeley: University of California Press 1998.

Hafen, Le Roy and Ann W. Hafen. Old Spanish Trail: Santa Fe to Los Angeles. Introduction by David Weber. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.

Hijar, Carlos J. “California in 1834” in Three Memoirs of Mexican California. Berkeley: The Friends of the Bancroft Library, 1988. 9-70.

Krieger, Daniel. “The French Connection: French Vineyard Stock on the Roots of California’s Mission Vineyards.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 23.1 (2006): 131-143.

Lamb, Blaine. “Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo’s Report on the Derivation and Definition of the Names of the Several Counties of California.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 23.1 (2006): 50-84

Monroy, Douglas. Thrown Among Strangers: The Making of Mexican Culture in Frontier California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

______ "The Creation and Re-Creation of Californio Society." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush, edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. pp. 173-95. Berkeley: University of California Press 1998.

Northrup,Marie E. Spanish-Mexican Families of Early California: 1769-1850. Two volumes. Burbank: Southern California Genealogical Society, 1987.

Ogden, Adele. The California Sea Otter Trade -- 1784-1848. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1941.

Osio, Antonio Maria. The History of California A Memoir of Mexican California. Translators and eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996

Packman, Ana Bégué. Early California Hospitality: The Cookery Customs of Spanish California. Fresno, CA. : Academy Library Guild, 1953.

Voss, Barbara L. “Culture Contact and Colonial Practices: Archaeological Traces of Daily Life in Early San Francisco.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 20.1 (2003): 63-77

Weber, David J. Foreigners in their Native Land; Historical Roots of the Mexican Americans. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1973. 

–––––– The Mexican Frontier, 1821-1846: The American Southwest under Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982.

––––– The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992.

WOMEN

Beebe, Rose Marie and Robert M. Senkewicz. Testimonios: Early California through the Eyes of Women, 1815–1848. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2006.

Bouvier, Virginia M. Women and the Conquest of California, 1542-1840. Codes of Silence. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2001.

Castañeda, Antonia I. Presidarias y Pobladores: Spanish-Mexican Women in Frontier Monterey, Alta California, 1770-1821. Ph.D. diss, Stanford University, 1990

–––––– "Gender, Race, and Culture: Spanish-Mexican Women in the Historiography of Frontier California." Frontiers: A Journal of Women's Studies 11.1 (1990): 8-20.

–––––"The Political Economy of Nineteenth Century Stereotypes of Californians." In Regions of La Raza: Changing Interpretations of Mexican American Regional History and Culture , edited by Antonio Rios-Bustamante, 189-211. Encino, CA: Floricanto Press, 1993

------- "Engendering the History of Alta California, 1769-1848: Gender, Sexuality, and the Family." In Contested Eden, California Before the Gold Rush, edited by Ramón A. Gutiérrez and Richard J. Orsi. pp. 230-59. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Chávez-García, Miroslava. Negotiating Conquest: Gender and Power in California, 1770s to 1880s. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2004.

de la Guerra Ord, Angustias. Occurences in Hispanic California. Francis Frice and William H. Ellison, transl. and eds. Washington, D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1956.

Pérez, Eulalia. “An Old Woman and her Recollections.” in Three Memoirs of Mexican California. Berkeley: The Friends of the Bancroft Library, 1988. 71-105.

ART, ARCHITECTURE, AND MUSIC

Baer, Kurt. Painting and Sculpture at Mission Santa Barbara. Washington, D.C.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1955

––––– The Treasures of Mission Santa Inés. Fresno: Academy of California Church History, 1956.

––––– Architecture of the California Missions. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1958

Cullimore, Clarence. Santa Barbara Adobes. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Book Publishing Company, 1948.

Da Silva, Owen. Mission Music of California. Los Angeles: Warren F. Lewis, 1954.

Ettinger, Catherine R. “Spaces of Change: Architecture and the Creation of a New Society in the California Missions. Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 23-44.

----- “Hybrid Spaces: Indigenous Contributions to Mission Architecture.” In Architecture, Physical Environment, and Society in Alta California. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the California Mission Studies Association, eds. Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz. Bakersfield: California Mission Studies Association, 2005. 77-89.

Ford, Henry Chapman. An Artist Records the California Missions. Ed. and Intro. by Norman Neuerburg. San Francisco: Book Club of California, 1989.

Hannaford, Donald R. and Revel Edwards. Spanish Colonial or Adobe Architecture of California, 1800-1850. Stamford: Architectural Book Publishing Co., 1990.

Harding, George L. Don Agustín V. Zamorano: Statesman, Soldier, Craftsman, and California's 1st Printer. 2nd ed. Norman: Arthur H. Clark Co., 2003.

Kenyon, Carol. “Conservation of Mission Art.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 20.1 (2003): 37-49

de Moraes Rodriguez, Debora and Sherry N. De Freece. “Preserving the Great Stone Church: A Project to Conserve the Original Stone Flooring of the Sanctuary.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22:1 (2005): 25-32

Lamb, Blaine P. “Marketing the Mission Revival: Commercial Art and the Image of Hispanic California.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22.2 (2005): 94-112.

Mendoza, Rubén G. “Sacrament of the Sun: Eschatological Architecture and Solar Geometry in a California Mission.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22.1 (2005): 87-110

Neuerburg, Norman. 18th Century Santa Barbara Presidio Chapel: Secrets Uncovered By 20th Century Research. Santa Barbara: Bellerophon Books, 1985 

––––– Decoration of the California Mission. Santa Barbara: Bellerophon Books, 1987.

––––– The Architecture of Mission La Purísima Concepcion . Santa Barbara: Bellerophon Books, 1987.

–––––Agustin V. Zamorano, Architect. Los Angeles: Zamorano Club 1988.

–––––Saints of the California Missions. Santa Barbara: Bellerophon Books, 1989.

––––– Why Are Those Mirrors on the Altar? Ventura: Ventura County Historical Society Quarterly, 38.2 (1993).

––––––The Indian Via Crucis from Mission San Fernando: An Historical Exposition. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Mission Archive-Library, 1998.

Newcomb, Rexford. The Franciscan Mission Architecture of Alta California. New York: Dover Publications, 1973

Roselund, Nels. “Three Eras of Construction at the San Juan Capistrano Mission Church: 1800, 1900, and 2000.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22:1 (2005): 9-24

Russell, Craig H. “Fray Juan Bautista Sancho: Tracing the Origins of California’s First Composer and the Early Mission Style (Part I)” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 68-102

––––– “Fray Juan Bautista Sancho: Tracing the Origins of California’s First Composer and the Early Mission Style (Part I)” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.2 (2004): 4-35

Shafer, Robert G and Christopher Loomis. “Preserving the Jewel of the Missions: San Juan Capistrano’s Great Stone Church, 1806-2004.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22:1 (2005): 3-8.

Schuetz-Miller, Mardith K. Building and Builders in Hispanic California, 1769-1850. Tucson: Southwestern Mission Research Center, 1995

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE

Barbour, Michael and Valerie Whitworth. "California's Grassroots: Native or European?" Pacific Discovery (Winter 1992).

Dunmire, William W. Gardens of New Spain: how Mediterranean Plants and Foods Changed America . Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004.

BAJA CALIFORNIA

Beebe, Rose Marie and Robert M. Senkewicz. Guia De Manuscritos Concernientes a Baja California En Las Colecciones De La Biblioteca Bancroft. Guide to the Manuscripts Concerning Baja California in the Collections of the Bancroft Library. Berkeley: The Bancroft Library, 2002

Crosby, Harry W. Antigua California: Mission and Colony on the Peninsular Frontier, 1697-1768. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994.

––––– “Rancho de la Purificación, 1972.” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 21.1 (2004): 110

––––– “Defining and Manning ‘The Portolá Expedition’” Boletín, The Journal of the California Mission Studies Association. 22.2 (2005): 4-52

Moore, Jerry D. and Mary J. Norton. "'I Solemnly Baptize:' Religious Conversion and Native Demography in Northern Baja California." Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology. 14.2 (1992): 201-215.

Vernon, Edward W. Las Misiones Antiguas: The Spanish Missions of Baja California. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2003.

PRESIDIOS AND SOLDIERS IN THE CALIFORNIAS AND NORTHERN NEW SPAIN

INTERNET RESOURCES
El Real Ejército en California by Carlos López Urrutia. 

Maps of the Pimería
Early Cartography of the Southwest from the University of Arizona Library Map Collection. Online images and descriptions of historic maps (16th-19th centuries) of the large geographical region that today includes northern Mexico, the U.S. Southwestern states, and California. As late as the mid-18th century, some maps showed California as an island although Spanish explorer-missionaries knew better.

Web de Anza
Primary source documents and multimedia resources covering Juan Bautista de Anza's two overland expeditions from the Sonoran desert to northern California, leading to the colonization of San Francisco in 1776.


MILITARY, UNIFORMS, COSTUME AND EQUIPMENT
Anderson, Ruth Matilda. 
SPANISH COSTUME EXTREMADURA. New York: Hispanic Society of America, 1951.

Archer, Christon I. 
"Spanish Exploration and Settlement of the Northwest Coast in the 18th Century." SOUND HERITAGE. VII (-March 1978): 33-53

Beilharz, Edwin A. 
FELIPE DE NEVE: FIRST GOVERNOR OF CALIFORNIA. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1971.

Brinckerhoff, Sidney B. and Pierce A. Chamberlain. 
SPANISH COLONIAL WEAPONS IN COLONIAL AMERICA, 1700-1821. Stackpole Books, 
Bueno, José María.

UNIFORMES MILITARES ESPAÑOLES: TROPAS VIRREYNALES (1) NUEVA ESPAÑA, YUCATAN Y LUISIANA. Malaga: José Bueno, 1984. 

–––––– SOLDADOS DE ESPAÑA, EL UNIFORME MILITAR ESPAÑOL DESDE LOS REYES CATÓLICOS HASTA JUAN CARLOS I. Madrid, 1998. ISBN: 84-992644-5-4 

Burrus, Ernest J., S.J.
"Rivera Y Moncada, Explorer and Military Commander in Both Californias, in Light of His Diary and Other Contemporary Documents." THE HISPANIC AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW , L (November 1970): 682-692. 

––––––DIARIO DEL CAPITAN COMMANDANTE FERNANDO DE RIVERA Y MONCADA CON UN APENDICE DOCUMENTAL. 2 vols. Madrid: Ediciones Jose Porrua Turanzas, 1967. 

Campbell, Leon G.
"The First Californios: Presidial Society in Spanish California, 1769-1822." JOURNAL OF THE WEST. XI (October 1972): 582-595. 

Chartrand, Rene.
THE FRENCH SOLDIER IN COLONIAL AMERICA. Historical Arms Series No. 18, Canada: Museum Restoration Service, 1984. 

Chartrand, Rene and Francis Back.
THE FRENCH ARMY IN THE AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE. Men-At-Arms Series 244. Great Britain: Osprey, reprinted 1995. 

Chartrand, Rene and David Rickman.
"Leather Jacket Soldiers: The 'Cuera' Cavalry of the American South-west (1)." MILITARY ILLUSTRATED PAST & PRESENT. No. 53 (October 1992): 24-28. 

––––– "Leather Jacket Soldiers: The 'Cuera' Cavalry of the American South-west (2)." MILITARY ILLUSTRATED PAST & PRESENT. No. 54 (November 1992): 36-42. 

Chartrand, Rene and José María Bueno.
"Plate 555, Spanish Presidial Cavalry, 1780-1794." Washington, DC: The Company of Military Historians, 1983. 

––––– "Plates 685, 686, Catalonian Volunteers, 1790-1800." MILITARY COLLECTOR & HISTORIAN. Vol. XLIV No. 2 (Summer 1992). Washington, DC: The Company of Military Historians, 1992. 

Chartrand, Rene and Bill Younghusband.
SPANISH ARMY OF THE NAPOLEONIC WARS (I) 1793-1808. Men-At-Arms Series 321. Great Britain: Osprey Publishing, Ltd., 1998. ISBN 1 1 85532 763 5 

Cisneros, José.
RIDERS ACROSS THE CENTURIES: HORSEMEN OF THE SPANISH BORDERLANDS. The University of Texas at El Paso, 1988. ISBN 87404-209-7 (paperback). 

Cook, S. F.
"The Monterey Surgeons During the Spanish Period in California." BULLETIN OF THE INSTITUTE OF THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE. V (January 1937): 43-72. 

Faulk, Odie B.
THE LEATHER JACKET SOLDIER: SPANISH MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND INSTITUTIONS OF THE LATE 18TH CENTURY. Pasadena, CA: Socio-Technical Publications, 1971. 

Fireman, Janet R.
THE SPANISH CORPS OF ENGINEERS IN THE WESTERN BORDERLANDS: INSTRUMENT OF BOURBON REFORM, 1764 TO 1815. Glendale, CA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1977. ISBN 0-87062-116-5. 

Guest, Florian.
"The Establishment of Villa Branciforte." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL QUARTERLY. XLI (March 1962): 29-50. 

Hefter, J.
"Plate 247. The Cuera Dragoon, 1730-1830." Washington, DC: The Company of Military Historians, 1954. 

Klinger, Robert L. and Richard A. Wilder.
SKETCH BOOK 76: THE AMERICAN SOLDIER 1775-1781. A detailed collection of sketches, notes and patterns. Union City, TN : Pioneer Press, Reprinted 1974. 

Knill, Harry.
EARLY LOS ANGELES. Santa Barbara: Bellerophon Books, 1984. 
THE STORY OF CALIFORNIA & HER FLAGS TO COLOR. Vols. 1,2,3,4. Santa Barbara: Bellerophon Books, 1996. 

Langellier, John Phillip and Katherine Meyers Peterson.
"Lances and Leather Jackets: Presidial Forces in Spanish Alta California, 1769-1821." JOURNAL OF THE WEST. XX (October 1981): 3-11. 

Mackey, Margaret Gilbert and Louise Pinkney Sooy.
EARLY CALIFORNIA COSTUMES, 1769-1850. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1932. ISBN 0-8047-0994-7. 

Mora, Jo.
CALIFORNIOS: THE SAGA OF THE HARD-RIDING VAQUEROS, AMERICA'S FIRST COWBOYS. Ketchum, ID: Dober Hill Ltd., 1994. ISBN 0-922029-19-9. 

Neumann, George C. and Frank J. Kravic, Collectors.
ILLUSTRATED ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. A showcase of more than 2,300 artifacts made, worn, and used by those who fought in the War for Independence), Texarkana, TX: Rebel Publishing Co. 1989. 

Nutall, Donald A.
"The Senoras Gobernadoras of Spanish Alta California, A Comparative Study." PAPERS FROM THE PRESIDIO. Santa Barbara, CA: The Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, 1998. 

–––––– "Light Cast Upon Shadows, The Non-California Years of Don Pedro Fages." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL QUARTERLY. (Vol. 56, Number 3, Fall 1977): 254-269. 

Saiz, Maria Concepcíon Garcia.
LAS CASTAS MEXICANAS (THE CASTES, A GENRE OF MEXICAN PAINTING). Milan, Italy: Olivetti, 1990. 

Sanchez, Joseph P.
SPANISH BLUECOATS: THE CATALONIAN VOLUNTEERS IN NORTHERN NEW SPAIN, 1767-1803. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1990. 

Servin, Manual P.
"The Quest for the Governorship of Spanish California." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL QUARTERLY. (Vol. 43, Number 1, March 1964): 45-56. 

Simmons, Marc.
"Santiago, The Saint of Conquest." NEW MEXICO. Vol. 70, Number 1, (January 1992): 24-31. 

Spring, Ted.
SKETCHBOOK 56. VOL I: ROGERS RANGERS. T.M. Spring. St. Louis, MO: Track of the Wolf Co. Inc., 1990. 

––––––SKETCHBOOK 56. VOL II: THE FRENCH MARINES 1754-1761. St. Louis, MO: The Brandy Press, 1984. 

––––– SKETCHBOOK 56. VOL. IV: LAS COMPAÑÍAS DE INFANTÁRIA DE LAS AMÉRICAS, THE SPANISH COLONIAL ERA INFANTRY 1739-1781. (Spanish Uniforms, Weapons and Historical Items of Spanish Troops in Colonial America and during the French and Indian Wars.) T.M. Spring. St. Louis, MO: Track of the Wolf Co. Inc., 1990. 

–––––– SKETCHBOOK 56, VOL V: THE WOMEN OF THE FRENCH WAR ERA, 1750-1769. 
Suddeth, Frank.

–––––A CITADEL IN THE WILDERNESS: CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS 1672-1695. St. Augustine, FL,1996. 

–––––MILITARY UNIFORMS OF THE CASTILLO DE SAN MARCOS, AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY FOR CHILDREN. St. Augustine, FL, 1996. 

–––––FLORIDA HISTORY EDUCATIONAL SERIES: TIMUCUAN INDIANS, SPANISH SOLDIERS, NINE WOODEN FORTS, FLINTLOCK MUSKET, GOLDEN GALLEONS. Brochures from Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine, FL, 1996.

Temple, Thomas Workman.
"Supplies for the Pobladores." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv, Los Angeles, 1931: 121-134.


PRESIDIO SOLDIERS, SETTLERS AND FAMILIES

hardwickcos

Michael Hardwick in Los Soldados Costume


Bancroft, Hubert Howe. CALIFORNIA PIONEER REGISTER AND INDEX 1542-1848. (Including Inhabitants of California, 1769-1800 and List of Pioneers. Extracted from HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA, 7 volumes, originally published 1884-90). Reprinted for Clearfield Comapny Inc. by Genaelogical Publishing Co. Inc. Baltimore, MD, 1990. 

Bandy, Marcy and Maurice. SADDLEBACK ANCESTORS, RANCHO FAMILIES OF ORANGE COUNTY CALIFORNIA, Revised Edition. Orange County: Orange County Genealogical Society, 1998

Bynum, Lindley.
"Governor Don Felipe De Neve." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv. Los Angeles, 1931: 57-62. 

–––––– "Four Reports by Neve, 1777-1779." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv. Los Angeles, 1931: 63-68. 

Garate, Donald T.
"Anza: A Basque Legacy on the Northern Frontier." PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1ST INTERNATIONAL ANZA CONFERENCE IN ARIZPE, MEXICO. 24-26 May 1996. 

––––––"Anza's Saddle." NOTICIAS DE ANZA. 3:1. (January, 1994). 6. 

––––––"Anssa of Ernani: A collection of documents establishing the birthplace, birthdate and parentage of Juan Bautista de Anza, Captain of La Caballería de las Fronteras garrisoned at the Royal Presidio of Santa Rosa de Corodéguachi." Tumacacori, AZ: Unpublished manuscript filed at Tumacacori National Historical Park, 1992. 28 pages. Abridged two-page version: PIMERIA ALTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY NEWSLETTER. (October, 1992). 

––––––"Basque Ethnic Connections and the Expedition of Juan Bautista de Anza to Alta California," COLONIAL LATIN AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW. 4:1 (Winter, 1995): 71-93. 

––––––"Cultural Diversity on the Anza Trail." NOTICIAS DE ANZA. 3:1. (January, 1994). 1-3. 

––––––THE JUAN BAUTISTA DE ANZA HISTORICAL TRAIL. Tucson, AZ: Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, 1994. 

––––––"La Pintura Misteriosa." NOTICIAS DE ANZA. 3:3. (December, 1994).1-3. 

––––– "Origin of the Name 'Anza.'" SPANISH COLONIAL SITES NEWSLETTER. Vol. 1, Number 2, 1993. 2 pages. 

Garate, Donald T. and Maria de Lourdes Gortarez.
ANZA: A DOCUMENTARY ANALYSIS OF THE SURNAME OF JUAN BAUTISTA DE ANZA. Tumacacori, AZ: National Park Service, 1993. 130 pages. 

Lo Buglio, Rudecinda, Editor.
ANTEPASADOS. VOL VI. (1984-1985 Issue): DON JOSE DE JESUS PICO (1807-1892). San Francisco: Los Californianos, 1986. 
THE CENSUS OF 1790: A DEMOGRAPHIC HISTORY OF COLONIAL CALIFORNIA. Menlo Park, CA: Ballena Press, 1998. ISBN 0-87919-137-6 (Cloth); ISBN 0-87919-138-4 (Paper)

–––––"Padron and Confirmation of Titles to Pueblo Lands." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv. Los Angeles, 1931: 150-155. 

Northrop, Marie E.
SPANISH-MEXICAN FAMILIES OF EARLY CALIFORNIA: 1769-1850. Vol. I. Burbank, CA: Southern California Genealogical Society, 1987. 

Parks, Marion, Translator.
"Correspondence Pertaining to Reglamento and to Recruttal of Pobladores." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv. Los Angeles, 1931: 135-145. 

––––––"Soldiers and Settlers of the Expedition of 1781." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv. Los Angeles, 1931: 99-116. 

Temple, Thomas Workman.
"Se Fundaron un Pueblo de Espanoles (A Village of Spaniards Was Founded)." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv. Los Angeles, 1931: 69-98. 

Vallejo, Platon Mariano Guadalupe.
"Memoirs of the Vallejos: New Light on the History, before and after the 'Gringos' Came." Based on original documents and recollections of Dr. Platon M.G. Vallejo. James D. Stevenson in cooperation with the Napa County Historical Society, 1994. ISBN 1-885852-02-9.



PRESIDIOS

tubac2
Artist's conception of Tubac Presidio, Arizona, ca. 1774;
architectural details and Indians' appearance may have varied in California, but soldiers' uniforms and gear would have been similar.
From JUAN BAUTISTA DE ANZA NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL by Don Garate.



Barnes, Thomas C., Thomas H. Naylor and Charles W. Polzer
NORTHERN NEW SPAIN. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1981. 

Brinckerhoff, Sidney B. and Odie B. Faulk.
LANCERS FOR THE KING: A STUDY OF THE FRONTIER MILITARY SYSTEM OF NORTHERN NEW SPAIN. With a translation of the Royal Regulations of 1772. Phoenix, AZ, 1965. 

Cutter, Donald C., Editor and translator.
THE DEFENSES OF NORTHERN NEW SPAIN; HUGO O'CONNOR'S REPORT TO TEODORO DE CROIX, JULY 22, 1777. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, DeGolyer Library, 1994. 

Faulk, Odie B. and Laura E. Faulk.
DEFENDERS OF THE INTERIOR PROVINCES, PRESIDIAL SOLDIERS ON THE NORTHERN FRONTIER OF NEW SPAIN. The Albuquerque Museum, 2000 Mountain Road NW, Albuquerque, NM 87104, 1988. 

Garate, Don. Edited by Sandra Scott.
JUAN BAUTISTA DE ANZA NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL. Tucson: Southwest Parks and Monuments Assn., 1994. ISBN 1-877856-44-4. 

Gerald, Rex E.
"Spanish Presidios of the Late Eighteenth Century in Northern New Spain." MUSEUM OF NEW MEXICO RESEARCH RECORDS. Number 7. Santa Fe: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1968. 

Lo Buglio, Rudecinda, Editor.
ANTEPASADOS. Vol. II. (Bicentennial Issue) San Francisco: Los Californianos, 1977. 

Lummis, Chas. F.
"Regulations and Instructions For the Garrisons of the Peninsula of California, errection of new Missions, and fostering of the colonization and extension of settlements of Monterey, (REGLAMENTO, 1781)." Historical Society of Southern California, vol xv, Los Angeles, 1931: 157. 

Moorhead, Max L.
THE PRESIDIO, BASTION OF THE SPANISH BORDERLANDS. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1975, (1991). ISBN 0-8061-2317-6. (paperback) 

Naylor, Thomas H. and Charles W. Polzer, S.J., eds.
PEDRO DE RIVERA AND THE MILITARY REGULATIONS FOR NORTHERN NEW SPAIN, 1724-1729.Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1988. 

Polzer, Charles W., S.J. and Thomas E. Sheridan, eds.
THE PRESIDIO AND MILITIA ON THE NORTHERN FRONTIER OF NEW SPAIN. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1977. 

Powell, Philip Wayne.
"The Chichimecas: Scourge of the Silver Frontier in Sixteenth Century Mexico." HISPANIC AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW. 25(3) 1945: 315-338. 

–––––"The Forty-Niners of Sixteenth Century Mexico." PACIFIC COAST HISTORICAL REVIEW. 19:3 (August, 1950). 

–––––"Franciscans on the Silver Frontier of Old Mexico." THE AMERICAS. 3(3) 1947. 

–––––"Genesis of the Frontier Presidio in North America." WESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY. 13(2) 1982, 125-142. 

–––––LA GUERRA CHICHIMECA (1550-1600). Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Economica, 1975. 
MEXICO'S MIGUEL CALDERA: THE TAMING OF AMERICA'S FIRST FRONTIER (1548-1597). Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1977. 

–––––"Presidios and Towns on the Silver Frontier of New Spain 1550-1580." HISPANIC AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW. 24:2 (May, 1944): 179-200. 

–––––SOLDIERS, INDIANS AND SILVER; NORTH AMERICA'S FIRST FRONTIER WAR, 1559-1600. Berkeley: University of 
California Press, 1952. 

–––––TREE OF HATE: PROPAGANDA AND PREJUDICES AFFECTING UNITED STATES RELATIONS WITH THE HISPANIC WORLD. Vallecito, CA: Ross House, 1985.
Good study of the Black Legend. Objective analysis of false myths and misconceptions.

Priestly, Herbert Ingram.
JOSÉ DE GÁLVEZ: VISITOR GENERAL OF NEW SPAIN, 1765-1771. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1916. 

Santiago, Mark.
THE RED CAPTAIN : THE LIFE OF HUGO O'CONOR, COMMANDANT INSPECTOR OF THE INTERIOR PROVINCES OF NEW SPAIN. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1994. 

Schuetz-Miller, Mardith K.
BUILDING AND BUILDERS IN HISPANIC CALIFORNIA 1769-1850. Santa Barbara, CA: Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation. 1994. ISBN 0-915076-12-8. 

Servin, Manuel P., Translator.
"Costanso's 1794 Report on Strengthening New California's Presidios." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY. vol. 49, No. 3, 1970. 

Whitehead, Richard S.
"Alta California's Four Fortresses." SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL REVIEW. LVI (Spring 1983): 67-94. 

Williams, Jack S.
"Anza's Military Costumes." NOTICIAS DE ANZA. 3:2. (June, 1994), 1-3. 

–––––––––––"Fortress Tucson: Architecture and the Art of War (1775-1856)." THE SMOKE SIGNAL. Tucson Corral of the Westerners. (Spring and Fall 1988) 168:188. 

–––––"Meet Capitán Anza." NOTICIAS DE ANZA. 2:1. (March 1993). 1-4. 

–––––PRESIDIO FLAGS AND FLAGPOLES USED IN COLONIAL CALIFORNIA AND NORTHERN NEW SPAIN. An Analysis with Special Reference to Those Found at the Presidio of Santa Barbara. San Diego: The Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, August 1994. 

–––––"The Presidio of Santa Cruz de Terrenate: A Forgotten Fortress of Southern Arizona." THE SMOKE SIGNAL. Tucson Corral of the Westerners. (Spring and Fall 1986) 129-148. 

–––––"The Regulation of Mexican Presidios of 1826: An Introduction and Analysis." THE JOURNAL OF SPANISH COLONIAL ARCHAEOLOGY. 1(1):5-62. 1989.



MONTEREY PRESIDIO

presidmn2

Conjectural View of the Presidio of Monterey,.ca.1800, by Jack S. Williams from "The Presidio of San Carlos de Monterey: 
The Evolution of the Fortress - Capital of Alta California."
The Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology,
Technical Publication Series Number 1, Tubac, 1993. Fig. 44, p.145.



Monterey Presidio Archaeology Reports
Howard, Donald M.
"Archaeological Investigation of the Royal Presidio of Monterey." MONTEREY COUNTY ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY. Vol. L No.2. (December, 1971).
A summary of the author's work with an artifact analysis. 

CALIFORNIA'S LOST FORTRESS: THE ROYAL PRESIDIO OF MONTEREY. Monterey, CA: Angel Press, 1976 
"Presidio Site Archaeology Field Notes, Unit Diagrams, Artifact Catalog, and Documentation of USO, Diocese and Vilar Properties, 1971-1974. Author's files. 

"Adobes of the Royal Presidio of Monterey." LOST ADOBES OF MONTEREY COUNTY. Carmel: CA: Monterey County Archaeological Society, 1973, pp. 23-24. 

"The Royal Presidio of Monterey Site." ARCHAEOLOGY IN PARADISE - A SURVEY OF MONTEREY COUNTY ARCHAEOLOGY. Carmel, CA: Antiquities Research Publications, 1974, pp.58-60. 
"About the Author." PRIMITIVES IN PARADISE: THE MONTEREY PENINSULA INDIANS. Carmel, CA: Antiquities Research Publications, 1975.
Picture shows discovery of Presidio footings, 1971. 

"Archaeological Impact Evaluation for Mr. Roy Hubbard, Contractor, El Estero Community Hall Property, 659 Pearl Street, Monterey, California." (January 7, 1975).
Note: The northern defense wall footings of the Presidio are located about 450 feet south of this property. Report on file with Coastal Commission EIRS.

May, Ronald V.
"Mexican Majolica at the Presidio of Monterey - A Tool for Dating Certain Stratigraphy." Vol. III, No. 4. (July, 1974). Shard analysis from Levels I to IV.

Oliver, J. K.
"Monterey and Its Environs with a Brief History, Legends, Views of the Past and Present, Maps etc.," 1907.
1907 ed. picture, "First Adobe House in California"; 1913 ed. map, 1784 "Ruins of 1st Adobe House in California."

Pritchard, William E.
"El Castillo de Monterey Frontline of Defense: Uncovering the Spanish Presence in Alta California." CALIFORNIA HISTORY. LXII (Summer 1984): 230-240. 
PRELIMINARY ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS AT EL CASTILLO, PRESIDIO OF MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA. Sacramento: Central California Archaeological Foundation, 1968. 

Reese, Robert W.
THE HISTORY OF EL CASTILLO DE MONTEREY AND THE 1967 ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY. Aptos: California Site Survey, 1968.


General Monterey Presidio References
Bandini, José. Translated by Doris Wright.
"Presidios." A DESCRIPTION OF CALIFORNIA IN 1828. Bancroft Library, 1828, p. 4.
A general account of California Presidio layout.

Beechey, Richard.
"The Presidio of Monterey," January 1827. Reproduced in color in Davis (1967). 

Beilharz, Edwin A.
"Felipe de Neve, First Governor of California." California Historical Society, 1971, pp.80-81.
Neve's mention of walls and some buildings.

Botta, Paulo.
"View of Monterey, " 1827. Reproduced in Howard (1976:78). 

Cardero, José.
"Plaza del Presidio de Monterey," 1791a.
Reproduced in Cutter (1960), Egenhoff (1952), and Howard (1976).
"Vista del Presidio de Monterey," 1791b.
Reproduced in Cutter (1960), Egenhoff (1952), and Howard (1976).

Corney, Peter.
EARLY NORTHERN PACIFIC VOYAGES. Honolulu: T. G. Thrum, 1896.
Brief description in 1815.

Culleton, James.
"Monterey Church Property 1839-1891." ACADEMY SCRAPBOOK, ACADEMY OF CALIFORNIA CHURCH HISTORY. Vol. 1, No. 5, (November, 1950) 139-142. 
"Indians and Pioneers of Old Monterey." ACADEMY OF CALIFORNIA CHURCH HISTORY. Fresno, 1950.

Davis, William Heath.
SEVENTY-FIVE YEARS IN CALIFORNIA. San Francisco: John Howell Books, Duhaut-Cilly, Auguste Bernard, 1967. 

Duhaut-Cilly, Auguste Bernard. Translated by Charles F. Carter.
"Duhaut-Cilly's Account of California in the years 1827-28." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY. Vol. VIIL, 1929, 130-166. 

Duhaut-Cilly, Auguste Bernard. Translated and edited by August Frugé & Neal Harlow.
A VOYAGE TO CALIFORNIA, THE SANDWICH ISLANDS, AND AROUND THE WORLD IN THE YEARS 1826-29. Berkeley: UC Press, 1999. ISBN (Cloth): 0-520-21752-7 

Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner.
HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA. Vol.11. 1915, p. 13.
Mention of Presidio kilns.

Engelhardt, Zephyrin Fr.
MISSION SAN CARLOS BORROMEO. Ballena Press, 1973.
A comment on a vacant room in the chapel, p.187.

Geiger, Maynard, O.F.M.
"The Royal Presidio Chapel of San Carlos, Monterey, Capitol of Colonial California: A Study in Early California Architectural Development." AMERICAS. Vol. 9, No. 2, (October, 1952), 207-211.
A collection of untranslated documents.

Howard, Donald.
"California's Lost Fortress: The Royal Presidio of Monterey." Carmel, CA: Antiquities Research Publications, 1976. 
"Bastions by the Bay: New Documentation on the Royal Presidio of Monterey." Carmel, CA: Antiquities Research Publications, 1981. 

Hittell, Theodore H.
HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA. Vol. I, 1897, p.634.
Hittell's account of the Alvarado description.

Kenneally, Finbar, O.F.M.
"Writings of Fermín Francisco de Lasuén--Lasuén to José Arguello, November 27, 1792." Academy of American Franciscan History, 1965.
List of craftsmen for the chapel.

Larkin, Thomas Oliver.
"Notes for Picture No.1, of Monterey." T.O. LARKIN "PAPERS." II 33-36. Bancroft Library, 1842.
This supplement was written for the lithographs of 1842, and there is a brief account of the chapel.

Menzies, Archibald.
"Menzies' California Journal, 1792." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY. Vol. II, 1924, pp.284-5.
A brief account of walls and a governor's house dance.

Mofras, Duflot de. Edited by Marguerite Wilbur.
"Duflot de Mofras' Travels on the Pacific Coast." Fine Arts Press, 1937. Descriptions, pp.167, 211-13. 
"Monterey: Presidios." CALIFORNIAN. Vol.1, No.13. (November 7, 1846).
Description by an anonymous traveler in 1822, who said:". . . this is a square containing about 200 yards in each front . . ."
Morrell, Captain Benjamin, Jr.
"California in 1825 from a Narrative of Four Voyages." ACADEMY SCRAPBOOK, ACADEMY OF CALIFORNIA CHURCH HISTORY. Vol.III, No.7, 1953.
Brief comments on dimensions, p.252.

Palóu, Francisco. Edited by Herbert Bolton.
"Founding of Presidio." HISTORICAL MEMOIRS OF NEW CALIFORNIA. University of California Press, Vol.II, 1926, pp.292-3, 295-6. 
Powers, Laura Bride.

OLD MONTEREY: CALIFORNIA'S ADOBE CAPITAL. San Francisco: San Carlos Press, 1934. 

Robinson, Alfred.
LIFE IN CALIFORNIA BEFORE THE CONQUEST, 1st ed. New York, 1846, p.27.
A passing comment on the church.

Ryan, William Redmond.
PERSONAL ADVENTURES IN UPPER AND LOWER CALIFORNIA IN 1848-9. London. Vol. I, pp. 81-4.
Perusal of the church interior.

Simpson, Sir George.
AN OVERLAND JOURNEY ROUND THE WORLD DURING THE YEARS 1841 AND 1842. Philadelphia, 1847.
A passing mention of church repair and the state of decay, p.191.

Stoddard, Charles Warren.
IN THE FOOTPRINTS OF THE PADRES. San Francisco: A. M. Robertson, 1902.
Allusion to the Presidio circa 1900, pp.148-49; see epilogue.

"Survey No.38-6. Twenty-eight Blueprints of the Presidio Chapel." HISTORIC AMERICAN BUILDINGS SURVEY. Monterey Library, 1934.
Temple, Thomas.
"Carrillo vs. Fages." ACADEMY SCRAPBOOK. Vol. 3, No. 4, (December 1952) 139-147; Vol. 3, No. 5, (January 1953), 184-192.
Carrillo's account of Presidio life.

Tibesar, Antonine, Editor.
"Serra to Palóu, June 21, 1771." WRITINGS OF JUNÍPERO SERRA, 1955, p. 237.
Mention of adobe cells which Serra called "our monastery."

Townsend, E.D. Edited by Malcolm Edwards.
THE CALIFORNIA DIARY OF GENERAL E. D. TOWNSEND. The Ward Ritchie Press, 1855.
Church interior on October 2, 1855.

Wagner, H. R. Translated from an account by M. Peron.
"Monterey in 1796." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY. Vol. I, No.2, 1922, pp. 173-177.
Brief comment of walls and governor's house.

Wilbur, Marguerite E., Editor.
VANCOUVER IN CALIFORNIA, 1792-1794. Vol. 2, Los Angeles: Glen Dawson, 1954.
Vancouver's measurements and observations.

Wilkes, Charles.
COLUMBIA RIVER TO THE SACRAMENTO U.S.N. EXPLORING EXPEDITION 1839-1842. Oakland: Biobooks, 1958. 
Reference to 18 lb. cannonball fired into a Presidio roof in 1836, p. 56.




SAN DIEGO PRESIDIO

presid_sd

San Diego Presidio, circa 1800, by Jack S. Williams.
From "El Presidio Enterado," Newsletter of the San Diego chapter of 
the Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, 1995



San Diego Presidio Archaeology Reports
Baldwin, Mary Alice.
"From Beginning to End: An Historical Reconstruction to Determine the Dates for the Beginning, Completion, Ruination and Final Use of the San Diego Presidio Church." Research Archives. Balboa Park, San Diego: San Diego Historical Society, May 31, 1968. 

Barbolla-Roland, Diane (Barbolla, Diane).
"Maiolica at the San Diego Presidio Gateway Search Excavation: A Preliminary Analysis." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY [JSDH]. Vol. 29, no. 3, 193-211, 1983. 

Broell, Percy.
"Topography of Ground Plan - Exploration of the Old Ruins of the Spanish Presidio" (drafted by Ernest H. Smith). Research Archives. Balboa Park, San Diego: San Diego Historical Society, 1938. 

––––––"Presidio Park: A Brief History and Guide." Research Archives. Balboa Park, San Diego: San Diego Historical Society, 1939. 

Brockington, D.L. and Ray Brandes.
"The First Season's Work at the Silent City." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 10, no. 4 (October 1965): 1-29. 

Carrico, Richard L.
"The Identification of Two Burials at the San Diego Presidio." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 19, no. 4 (FaIl 1973): 51-5. 

–––––"The Presidio de San Diego 1769-1937 from Fresh Adobe to Excavated Ruins." Research Archives. Balboa Park, San Diego: San Diego Historical Society, 1972. 

Carrico, Richard L. and C.E Richie.
"The Presidio of San Diego Chapel: Some Architectural Observations and a Historical Sketch," 1973. Manuscript in the San Diego History Research Center. 

Cheever, Dayle Marie.
"An Analysis of the Macrofauna from the Royal Presidio of San Diego." Master's thesis. San Diego State University, 1982. 

Colston, Stephen A.
"An Outpost of Empire: The Spanish Artillery Battery at Punta de Guijarros, San Diego, California," 1979. Manuscript in the San Diego History Research Center. 

–––––"San Joaquín: A preliminary historical study of the fortification at San Diego's Punta de Guijarros, in Fort Guitars." San Diego: Cabrillo Historical Association, pp. 61-83. 

––––––"The Spanish Fort at Punta de Guijarros: A Status Report on Archival Research," 1982. Manuscript in the San Diego History Research Center. 

–––––– "Approaches to Historical Archaeology: The Case of the Royal Presidio of San Diego." San Diego History Research Center. San Diego State University, 1982. 

Ezell, Paul H.
"A Chapter from the Logbook." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 16, no. 4 (Fall 1970): 20-24. 

––––––"The Excavation Program at the San Diego Presidio." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 22, no. 4 (Fall 1976): 1-20. 

–––––"A Landscape of the Past: The Story of the Royal Presidio Excavation." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 14, no. 4 (October 1968): 5-32. 

––––––"Report on Presidio Excavation, 1967." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 14, no. 2 (April 1968): 28-30. 

––––––"Vallejo's Plan of the San Diego Presidio." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 32, no. 3 (1986): 192-208. 

Howard, Jeffrey Allan.
"Description of Human Remains from the Presidio, San Diego." Master's thesis. San Diego State University, 1975. 

Krase, Jean Flaherty.
"The Old World Ceramic Sherds from San Diego's Presidio: A Qualitative, Quantitative and Historical Analysis." Master's thesis. San Diego State University, 1979. 

––––––"Ships and Sherds: Ceramics at the San Diego Presidio." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 27, no. 2 (Spring 1981): 129-41. 

Larkin, Rita, Editor.
"A Landscape of the Past -The Story of the Royal Presidio Excavations." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol XIV, Number 4 (October 1968): 5-32. 

Lennert, Ellen Gooley.
"X-rays and Artifacts at the San Diego Presidio Excavation." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. 18, no. 3 (Summer 1972): 22-4. 

Phillips, Roxana.
"Perspectives on the Ground Plan of the San Diego Presidio," 1979. Manuscript in the San Diego History Research Center. 
San Diego History Research Center. Seven cassette and 4 reel tapes and .25 linear feet of attendant records produced from the conference, "Approaches to Historical Archaeology: The Case of the Royal Presidio of San Diego," 1981. 

––––––"Inventory of the Royal Presidio of San Diego Collection," 1980. Manuscript in the San Diego History Research Center and the Serra Museum of the San Diego Historical Society. Royal Presidio of San Diego Collection. The Collection consists of c. 100,000 artifacts and 40 linear feet of attendant record materials (card and book catalogs of the artifacts, log reports, index of log reports, director's site files, research reports and site reports). 

Van Wormer, Stephen.
"An Analysis of Glass from the Chapel Excavation at the Presidio of San Diego." Manuscript in the San Diego History Research Center, 1980. 

Williams, Jack S.
"Proposed Guidelines for Archaeological Management of Presidio Park, San Diego, California." Mesa: Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, 1993. 

––––– "A Walking Tour and Brief History of the Royal Presidio of San Diego." San Diego: San Diego Historical Society, 1993. 
"A Research Design for the San Diego Presidio Project " (2nd revised ed.). Mesa, AZ: Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, 1994. 

–––––"Handbook for the Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology" (revised ed.). Mesa, AZ: Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, 1994. 

––––––"The San Diego Presidio Archaeology Project, 1992-1884: A Summary Report Prepared for the San Diego Historical Society and the City of San Diego." Mesa, AZ: Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, 1994. 

–––––"El Presidio Enterado." Newsletter of the San Diego chapter of the Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology, San Diego, Vol 1. No. 1. (Fall 1995).



General San Diego Presidio References
Chamberlin, Eugene K.
"San Diego Presidio Site (1774-1837)." Prepared by E. Clampus Vitus Chapter No. 1853 for California Registered Landmark No. 59, San Diego, CA. 1992. 

Mason, Bill.
"The Garrisons of San Diego Presidio: 1770 -1794." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. XXIV, Number 4 (Fall 1978): 399-424. 

May, Ronald V.
"The Fort That Never Was on Ballast Point." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. Vol. XXXI, Number 2 (Spring 1985): 121-136. 

Pourade, Richard F. Commissioned by James S. Copley.
THE HISTORY OF SAN DIEGO: THE EXPLORERS. San Diego: The Union-Tribune Publishing Company, 1960.



PRESIDIO SAN FRANCISCO 

presidsf


Original sketch of fort and port of San Francisco
by G. M. Wassurtz af Sandels, a Swedish visitor in 1842-43.
Presidio quadrangle (center) and the castillo de San Joaquin on Fort Point to the right. 
In FABRICAS by Elizabeth Egenhoff, p. 69.



General San Francisco Presidio References
Beechey, Richard
"The Presidio of San Francisco," November 1826, reproduced in color in Davis (1967). 

Chappell, Gordon.
"The Historic Presidio of San Francisco." San Francisco: National Park Service, April 1981. 

––––––"Cannon of the Castillo, Weapons from San Francisco's First Fort." San Francisco: National Park Service, 1981. 
"Artillery Defenses of San Francisco Bay, 1794-1949." San Francisco: National Park Service, April 198 

Davis, William Heath.
SEVENTY-FIVE YEARS IN CALIFORNIA. San Francisco: John Howell Books, 1967. 

Egenhoff, Elizabeth (compiler).
FABRICAS: A COLLECTION OF PICTURE AND STATEMENTS ON THE MINERAL MATERIALS USED IN BUILDING PRIOR TO 1850. Sacramento: California Journal of Mines, 1952. 

Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner.
THE BEGINNINGS OF SAN FRANCISCO: FROM THE EXPEDITION OF ANZA, 1774 TO THE CITY CHARTER OF APRIL 15, 1850: WITH BIOGRAPHICAL AND OTHER NOTES. New York: John C. Rankin Company. 1912. EXCERPT: "General Mariano G. Vallejo," pp. 348-357. 

Langellier, John Phillip and Daniel B. Rosen.
EL PRESIDIO DE SAN FRANCISCO: A HISTORY UNDER SPAIN AND MEXICO, 1776-1846. Los Angeles Corral of Westerners. Spokane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1996. ISBN 0-87062-239-0. 

Pourade, Richard F.
ANZA CONQUERS THE DESERT. THE ANZA EXPEDITIONS FROM MEXICO TO CALIFORNIA AND THE FOUNDING OF SAN FRANCISCO, 1774 TO 1776. San Diego. CA: Copley Books, 1971. 

Stanger, Frank M. and Alan K. Brown.
"Who Discovered the Golden Gate? The Explorers' Own Accounts." San Mateo, CA: San Mateo County Historical Association. 1969. 

Watson, Douglas.
"San Francisco's Ancient Cannon ... with some notes on the Castillo de Joaquin." CALIFORNIA HISTORICAL SOCIETY QUARTERLY. Vol XV, No. 1, March 1936.


San Francisco Presidio Archaeology Reports
Renn, Gregory A. and Janecek Frank P.
"Archaeological Discoveries at the Presidio of San Francisco", U.S. Army in association with Woodward Clyde Associates. 
Woodward Clyde Consultants

–––––– PRESIDIO OF SAN FRANCISCO - EXCAVATION BRIEFING. San Francisco: Woodward Clyde Consultants, 1993. [Center for Spanish Colonial Archaeology Archives, Mesa, AZ].



SANTA BARBARA PRESIDIO

pres-sb

Santa Barbara Presidio in 1792 by artist-historian Russell A. Ruiz. 
From the cover of OLD SPANISH SANTA BARBARA 
by Walker Tompkins and illustrated by Russell A. Ruiz.
Recent archaeological work has slightly altered the view.



Santa Barbara Presidio Archaeology Reports
Bente, Vance G., Pandora Snethkamp, Michael Imwalle and Stuart Tyson Smith.
"El Presidio de Santa Barbara Archaeological Research Series, Vol. 1: Archaeological Investigation of the Northern Front-Comandancia."1990. Paper. 

Bente, Vance G., Sally Salzman Morgan, Michael Imwalle and Robert Sheets.
"El Presidio de Santa Barbara Archaeological Research Series, Vol.2: Archaeological Investigation of the Northern Front: Rear Area of Comandancia." 1990. Paper. 

Bente, Vance G., Judith Tordoff and Mary Hilderman-Smith.
"Phase VIII: The Archaeology of the Royal Presidio of Santa Barbara Chapel Site." 1982. Paper. 

Bente, Vance G.
"Santa Barbara Presidio Archaeological Field Work Summer 1983 Report and maps of field work conducted at the Presidio." 1984. Paper. 

Costello, Julia.
"Phase VII: Archaeology of the 'Padre's Quarters.' 1976. Paper. 

Decker, George, et al.
"Royal Presidio of Santa Barbara - Fifth Summary Report, Chapel Excavations." 1970. Paper. 

Fagan, Brian M.
"Archaeology of the Chapel Site." 1976. Paper. 

Imwalle, Michael and Robert Sheets under the supervision of Vance G. Bente.
"El Presidio de Santa Barbara Archaeological Research Series, Vol. 3: Archaeological Investigation of the Northern Front." 1990. Paper. 

Imwalle, Michael under the supervision of Vance G. Bente.
"El Presidio de Santa Barbara Archaeological Research Series, Vol. 4: Archaeological Investigation of the Northern Front: Rear Area of Canedo Adobe." 1992. Paper. 

Imwalle, Michael.
"Preliminary Archaeological Investigation of Room 8 at the Casa de la Guerra, Santa Barbara, CA." 1991. Paper. 
"Third Summary Report on Excavations Conducted at the Site of the Spanish Royal Presidio Chapel, February 1968 - November 1968." 1969. Paper.


General Santa Barbara Presidio References
Jackman, Jarrell C.
FELIPE DE GOICOECHEA: SANTA BARBARA PRESIDIO COMANDANTE. Santa Barbara, CA: Anson Luman Press,1993. 

Perissinotto, Giorgio, Editor.
DOCUMENTING EVERYDAY LIFE IN EARLY SPANISH CALIFORNIA: THE SANTA BARBARA PRESIDIO MEMORIAS Y FACTURAS, 1779-1810. Santa Barbara, CA: Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, 1998. 

Ruhge, Justin M.
GUNPOWDER AND CANVAS: THE HISTORY OF MARITIME INFLUENCE ON THE CENTRAL COAST OF CALIFORNIA. Goleta, CA: Quantum Imaging Associates, 1987. ISBN 0-9614807-2-6. 

Tompkins, Walker A. and Russell A. Ruiz.
OLD SPANISH SANTA BARBARA. Goleta, CA: Kinberly Press, 1967. ISBN: 0-87461-030-3. 

Whitehead, Richard S. Edited by Donald C. Cutter.
CITADEL ON THE CHANNEL: THE ROYAL PRESIDIO OF SANTA BARBARA, ITS FOUNDING AND CONSTRUCTION, 1782-1798. Spokane, WA: The Arthur H. Clark Co. and the Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation, 1996. ISBN 1-879208-02-4. 

Whitehead, Richard S., Editor. Translated by Jarrell C. Jackman.
A SPANISH SOLDIER IN THE ROYAL PRESIDIO OF SANTA BARBARA: RELATED BY RAFAEL GONZALEZ TO THOMAS SAVAGE IN SANTA BARBARA, 1878. Santa Barbara Trust for Historic Preservation through Bellerophon Books, 1987.


SPANISH EMPIRE AND EXPLORATION

Bolton, Herbert Eugene. 
AN OUTPOST OF EMPIRE. New York: Russell & Russell,1965. 

Bolton, Herbert Eugene, Editor and translator. 
DIARY OF THE SECOND ANZA EXPEDITION, [Anza's California Expeditions, Vol 4.], Berkeley: University of
California Press,1930. 
Bourne, Edward Gaylord. 
SPAIN IN AMERICA 1450-1580. New York: University Paperbacks. Reprinted by Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1962.
Brandes, Ray.
THE COSTANSO NARRATIVE OF THE PORTOLA EXPEDITION. Newhall: Hogarth, 1970. 

Carner-Ribalta, J.
GASPAR DE PORTOLA: EXPLORER OF CALIFORNIA. San Diego: Tecolote Publications, 1990. ISBN 0-938711-07-5

Costanso, Miquel. Edited by Peter Browning.
THE DISCOVERY OF SAN FRANCISCO BAY: THE PORTOLA EXPEDITION OF 1769-1770. (first publication: Berkeley: 
Teggart, 1911.) Newhall: Hogarth, 1970. Lafayette, CA: Great West Books, 1992. 

Cutter, Donald C.
CALIFORNIA IN 1792: A SPANISH NAVAL VISIT. Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990. 

Daniels, George G.
THE SPANISH WEST. The Old West Series. New York: Time-Life Books,1976. 

Engelhardt, FR. Zephyrin, O.F.M.
THE MISSIONS AND MISSIONARIES OF CALIFORNIA. VOL. II. UPPER CALIFORNIA. San Francisco: James H. Barry Company, 1912. 

Fages, Pedro. Edited and translated by Herbert Ingram Priestley.
A HISTORICAL, POLITICAL, AND NATURAL DESCRIPTION OF CALIFORNIA [1775]. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1937. 

Fontana, Bernard L.
ENTRADA: THE LEGACY OF SPAIN AND MEXICO IN THE UNITED STATES. Tucson: Southwest Parks and Monuments Assn., 1994. ISBN 1-877856-24-X. 

Galvin, John, Translator and editor.
A RECORD OF TRAVELS IN ARIZONA AND CALIFORNIA 1775-1776, FR. FRANCSICO GARCES. San Francisco: John Howell-Books, 1965 

Galvez, Bernardo de.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR GOVERNING THE INTERIOR PROVINCES OF NEW SPAIN, 1786. Berkeley, CA: Quivira Society Publications, 1951. 150 pages. 

Geiger, Maynard, O.F.M.
CALIFORNIA CALLIGRAPHY, IDENTIFIED AUTOGRAPHS OF PERSONAGES CONNECTED WITH THE CONQUEST AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE CALIFORNIAS. Ramona, CA: Ballena Press, 1972. 
FRANCISCAN MISSIONARIES IN HISPANIC CALIFORNIA, 1769-1848, A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY. San Marino, CA: The Huntington Library, 1969. 

––––––– MISSION SANTA BARBARA 1782-1965. Santa Barbara, CA: Heritage Printers Inc.,1965. 

Haring, C. H.
THE SPANISH EMPIRE IN NORTH AMERICA. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc. 1963. 

Inglis, Robin, Editor.
SPAIN AND THE NORTH PACIFIC COAST, ESSAYS IN RECOGNITION OF THE BICENTENNIAL OF THE MALASPINA EXPEDITION, 1791-1792. Vancouver, BC: Vancouver Maritime Museum Society, 1992 

Ives, Ronald L.
JOSE VELASQUEZ: SAGA OF A BORDERLAND SOLDIER. Tucson: Southwestern Mission Research Center, 1984. ISBN 0-915076-10-1. 

Kendrick, John, Editor and translator.
THE VOYAGE OF THE SUTIL AND MEXICANA, 1792: THE LAST SPANISH EXPLORATION OF THE NORTHWEST COAST OF AMERICA. Spokane, WA: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1991. 

Lavender, David.
DE SOTO, CORONADO, CABRILLO: EXPLORERS OF THE NORTHERN MYSTERY. Handbook 144. Washington, DC: National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior. 

Margolin, Malcolm.
MONTEREY IN 1786: THE JOURNALS OF JEAN FRANCOIS DE LA PEROUSE. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 1989. ISBN 0-930588-39-8. 

Moorhead, Max L.
NEW MEXICO'S ROYAL ROAD TRADE AND TRAVEL ON THE CHIHUAHUA TRAIL. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1958. 

Priestly, Herbert Ingram, Translator.
A HISTORICAL AND NATURAL DESCRIPTION OF CALIFORNIA BY PEDRO FAGES. Written for the Viceroy in 1775. Ramona, CA: Ballena Press, 1972. 

Rowland, Leon.
SANTA CRUZ THE EARLY YEARS, OLD SANTA CRUZ MISSION, VILLA BRANCIFORTE, THE STORY OF OLD SOQUEL, THE ANNALS OF SANTA CRUZ LOS FUNDADORES. Santa Cruz, CA: Paper Vision Press, 1980. 

Santiago, Mark.
MASSACRE AT THE YUMA CROSSING, SPANISH RELATIONS WITH THE QUECHANS 1770-1782. Tucson: The University of Arizona Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8165-1824-6. EXCERPT: "Wayfarers and Rivalries: First Contacts between the Spaniards and the Quechans, 1540 to 1771." 

Thomas, Alfred Barnaby.
TEODORO DE CROIX AND THE NORTHERN FRONTIER OF NEW SPAIN 1776-1783. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1941; second printing: March 1968. 

Thurman, Michael E.
THE NAVAL DEPARTMENT OF SAN BLAS (NEW SPAIN'S BASTION FOR ALTA CALIFORNIA AND NOOTKA (1767-1798). Glendale, CA: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1967. 

Tibesar, Antonine, O.F.M., Editor.
WRITINGS OF JUNIPERO SERRA, Vol. II. Washington, DC: Academy of Franciscan History, 1956. 

Watson, Douglas S. and Thomas Workman Temple, Translators.
THE SPANISH OCCUPATION OF CALIFORNIA: PLAN FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A GOVERNMENT AND JUNTA HELD AT SAN BLAS, MAY 16, 1768. San Francisco: The Grabhorn Press. 1934. 

Weber, David J.
THE SPANISH FRONTIER IN NORTH AMERICA. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1992. ISBN 0-300-05917-5 (paperback)


MISCELLANEOUS

spansea3

Spanish coat of arms at the time of the Conquest of California: castles (Castile), lions (Leon), pomegranate (Granada), surmounted by the arms of France (three fleurs-de-lis) in between the Pillars of Hercules



Bancroft, Hubert Howe. 
VOL XVII. HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA VOL I., 1542-1800. Santa Barbara, CA: Wallace Hebberd, 1966. 

––––––VOL XIX. HISTORY OF CALIFORNIA VOL II., 1801-1824. Santa Barbara, CA: Wallace Hebberd, 1966. 

Bobb, Bernard E. 
THE VICEREGENCY OF ANTONIO MARÍA BUCARELI IN NEW SPAIN,1771-1779. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1962 (Second Printing, 1970).

Chavez, Thomas E.
"Spain's Support Vital to U.S. Independence." NEW MEXICO. Vol. 70, Number 1, (January 1992): 32-37. 

Crosby, Harry W.
ANTIQUA CALIFORNIA: MISSION AND COLONY ON THE PENINSULAR FRONTIER, 1697-1768. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994. 

Cutter, Donald C.
"Plans for the Occupation of Upper California, A New Look at the 'Dark Age' from 1602 to 1769." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. The San Diego Historical Society. Vol XXIV, (Winter 1978): 79-90. 

Engstrand, Iris Wilson.
"The Occupation of the Port of San Diego de Alcala, 1769." THE JOURNAL OF SAN DIEGO HISTORY. The San Diego Historical Society; Vol XXIV, (Winter 1978): 91-96. 

Jackson, Robert H. With Edward D. Castillo.
INDIANS, FRANCISCANS AND SPANISH COLONIZATION; THE IMPACT OF THE MISSION SYSTEM ON CALIFORNIA... Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1996. ISBN: 0826317537. 

Storke, Yda Addis.
A MEMORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY OF THE COUNTIES OF SANTA BARBARA, SAN LUIS OBISPO AND VENTURA, CALIFORNIA. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1891

This bibliography was compiled by Michael R. Hardwick.